What is Html?

HTML abbreviation of Hyper Text Markup Language. Html is not a programming language, it is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.

Hypertext refers to the text with hyper links, in which Web pages are linked together. When you click a link in a Web page it brings you to another page using hypertext.

Markup Language describes the document content or structure. With a markup language, you simply "mark up" a text document with tags that tell a Web browser how to structure it to display.

History of Html

Html hasn't been around for many years. The first web pages began in November 1990, and back then, there were little to no Html standards to follow. Html development has been hosted by a few organizations along its history including CERN, IETF, W3C,...etc. The development has been mainly taken place on mailing-lists. Originally, Html was developed with the intent of defining the structure of documents like headings, paragraphs, lists, and so forth to facilitate the sharing of scientific information between researchers.

HTML VersionYear of Introduce
HTML 2.01995
HTML 3.21997
HTML 4.011999
XHTML 1.02000

Preparation for Html

Creating an Html document is easy. To begin coding Html, you need only two things: a simple-text editor, such as Notepad or vi editor and a browser, such as Google chrome or Firefox. Notepad is the most basic of simple-text editors, and you will probably code a fair amount of Html with it in your early stages. Notepad++ is another popular favorite among web developers. These innovative text editors are specialized for writing simple code and they utilize color coding to help you write concise code.

Purpose Web Browsers

The purpose of a web browsers Google Chrome Mozilla Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari is to read Html documents and compose them into visible or audible web pages. The browser does not display the Html tags, but uses the tags to interpret the content of the page.

Html elements form the building blocks of all websites. Html allows images and objects to be embedded and can be used to create interactive forms. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items. It can embed scripts written in languages such as JavaScript which affect the behavior of Html web pages.

Words to Familiar

In Html tutorial, there have several technical terms, that are unique to Html. It is important to understand what these words mean, in the context of Html.

Tags or Html tags used to tag or "mark-up" pieces of text. Once tagged, the text becomes Html code to be interpreted by a web browser. Html tags are keywords (tag names) surrounded by angle brackets like <html>.

Elements or Html Element is everything from the start tag to the end tag.A complete tag, having an opening like <html> and a closing like </html>.

Attributes used to modify the value of the Html element with additional information about Html elements like <a href="">Link</a> (href is the attribute).

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