Sun Feb 06 2022
Writing a web app can be lots of fun,especially at the beginning when you experience instant gratification: code, reload, repeat.
Using the Dart language, you can quickly write prototypes that evolve rapidly, and you also have access to advanced tools, reliable libraries, and good software engineering techniques.
Even though Dart is young, it already has tools such as -
- Dartboard - which lets you write and run Dart code in your browser,
- Dart Editor - which lets you create, modify, and run Dart apps.
Features of Dart
1. Sound Null Safety
Dart introduced sound null safety, a groundbreaking feature that minimizes null reference exceptions. It ensures type safety by distinguishing nullable and non-nullable types at compile time, enhancing code reliability and reducing unexpected runtime errors.
2. Strong Typing
Dart is a statically typed language, allowing developers to catch errors during compile time rather than runtime. With strong typing, developers can write safer and more maintainable code, promoting better code quality and reducing bugs.
3. Asynchronous Programming Support
Dart provides native support for asynchronous programming, simplifying the handling of asynchronous operations. Features like async/await facilitate smooth execution of non-blocking code, improving app responsiveness and efficiency.
4. Just-In-Time (JIT) and Ahead-Of-Time (AOT) Compilation
Dart supports both JIT and AOT compilation. JIT compilation enables fast development cycles with features like hot reload, while AOT compilation ensures optimized performance for production by generating machine code ahead of time.
5. Flutter Framework Integration
Dart serves as the primary language for Flutter, Google's UI toolkit for building natively compiled applications. The seamless integration of Dart with Flutter enables rapid development and deployment of visually appealing, high-performance cross-platform apps.
6. Strong Tooling and Development Environment
Dart boasts a rich set of development tools and robust IDE support. Tools like DartPad, IntelliJ IDEA, and Visual Studio Code offer features for code completion, refactoring, and debugging, enhancing the development experience.
7. Isolates for Concurrency
Dart utilizes isolates for concurrency, allowing applications to perform multiple tasks simultaneously without blocking the main execution thread. This feature enhances scalability and performance by leveraging multi-core processors efficiently.
8. Expressive and Clean Syntax
Dart features an expressive and clean syntax that is easy to read and write. Its familiarity to developers from various programming backgrounds makes it accessible, facilitating quicker adoption and reducing the learning curve.
- Strongly Typed Language: Dart is a statically typed language, allowing developers to catch errors at compile-time rather than runtime, leading to more reliable code and easier debugging.
- Built-in Threading Support: Dart supports isolates, which are lightweight concurrent threads that help in handling multiple tasks without blocking the main execution thread, enhancing scalability and performance.
- Single Codebase for Web and Mobile: Flutter, Google's UI toolkit for building natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase, uses Dart as its primary language, offering seamless cross-platform development.
- Static Analysis and Tooling: Dart comes with strong tooling support and a comprehensive set of development tools that assist in static analysis, code completion, and refactoring, aiding developers in writing cleaner and more maintainable code.