What is Floating point Arithmetic?
Floating-point arithmetic is considered an esoteric subject by many people. Floating point arithmetic derives its name from something that happens when you use exponential notation. It's also surprising that floating-point is ubiquitous in computer systems.
AlmostÃ‚Â every computers language has a floating-point datatype - from PCs to supercomputers have floating-point accelerators, most compilers will be called upon to compile floating-point algorithms from time to time, evenÃ‚Â virtually every operating system must respond to floating-point exceptions such as overflow.
Squeezing infinitely many real numbers into a finite number of bits requires an approximate representation. Although there are infinitely many integers, in most programs the result of integer computations can be stored in 32 bits.