Python is a general-purpose interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. It was created by Guido van Rossum during 1985- 1990. Python is one of the most widely used high level programming language. The language stresses on code readability and due to its syntax and implementation a programmer has to write lesser code as compared to other languages such as C++ and Java.
The language supports multiple style like functional programming, object oriented or imperative style. The memory management is done automatically and has many standard libraries available for python programmer. Python's simple, easy to learn syntax emphasizes readability and therefore reduces the cost of program maintenance.Python supports modules and packages, which encourages program modularity and code reuse.The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are available in source or binary form without charge for all major platforms, and can be freely distributed.
Why you should learn Python?
The time has changed and merely carrying a high school degree and some work experience won’t do you any good. You should have a good hands on the technology which is currently in trend. If you are a developer and looking to enhance your resume, learning Python is a good choice. Here is the 5 main reason you must learn Python -
1. Easy to Learn - Learning a new programming language is always an uphill ride but as luck would favor us python was designed to be easily learnt by a novice programmer. Python reads like kindergarten math and is easy on the layman’s eye. The use of white space and common expressions has eliminated the need for tedious variable declarations and unattractive curly brackets. Python also requires less code to complete basic tasks. Python code is often 3-5 times shorter than Java, and 5-10 times shorter than C++. Python code is readable and with a little knowledge a developer can learn many things just by looking at the code. It executes read evaluate print loop which gives developer a chance to play around with code and experiment. Also the standard library offers you a lot of functionalities which lets you execute complex functionalities with ease.
3. Implementation on Raspberry Pi - For many of us programming is pretty boring and very few people are enthusiastic about doing this geek stuff. One major reason is that even after digging into code for so long the output that we get is not exciting. The output does not have any significance in real world but what if your ideas can be implemented in real life through coding. Bridging the gap between abstract computing and real world applications is now as easy as Pi. Raspberry Pi is a card-sized, inexpensive microcomputer that is being used for a surprising range of exciting do-it-yourself stuff such as robots, remote-controlled cars, and video game consoles. With Python as its main programming language, the Raspberry Pi is being used even by kids to build radios, cameras, arcade machines, and pet feeders. By using concepts of advanced python programming you can create some out of the box gadgets which can create ripples in the market.
4. Preferred for Web development - With number of websites in the world close to a mark of 1 billion and still growing the scope for web development can't be ignored. With Python’s vast capabilities, you too can have a piece of the action. Web programming with python provides a lot of flexibility as python has an array of frameworks for developing the website. Web frameworks offered by python are Pylons, Django, Zope2, TurboGears, web.py, Grok, web2py etc. Django is the most popular framework preferred for python development.
5. Job Demand - Many big names such as Yahoo, IBM, Nokia, Google, Disney, NASA, Mozilla and many more rely heavily on Python. Since these companies use Python they are always in search of talented professionals who have worked on Python. In fact, among programming languages, Python had the largest year-on-year job demand growth. There is always a demand for Python web developer and they are offered some decent packages as well.